In my research, I investigate how religion and politics have clashed and intertwined to shape our world.

My first book ‘Between Popes, Inquisitors and Princes’ revealed how a new religious order – the Jesuits – collaborated with authorities from the church and state – often undercover – to defend Christendom from heresy and establish themselves as the pre-eminent religious group of their day. My second book, ‘City of Echoes’, offers the first ever history of how the popes have shaped Rome, from antiquity to Pope Francis.

In addition to writing and speaking about my research, I contribute articles to popular magazines. Building on my experience teaching History at the University of St Andrews, I also provide tutoring and mentorship to young people in both the private and state sector. I have a particular interest in projects that seek to widen access to élite education for the brightest young historians, irrespective of their socio-economic background.

  • BA History of Art, Courtauld Institute (University of London) (First class)
  • MA Cultural and Intellectual History 1300-1650, Warburg Institute (University of London) (Distinction)
  • PhD Modern History, University of St Andrews
  • Seventh Century Scholar, University of St Andrews
  • Rome Scholar, British Academy
  • Study Fellow, Society for Renaissance Studies
  • Russell Trust Awardee, Russell Trust